Using Google Gears to find Montreal's Bus Stops

By Jay at August 31, 2008 20:08 Tags: , ,

Cet article est également disponible en francais ici.

It's been a while since I've posted on this blog. This time, I will not be talking about bluetooth, but still about some .NET powered code :)

I've been busy lately, but I've found some time to work on something that will help me a lot, and I think a lot of Windows Mobile users and mobile users in general.

Montreal's Bus network is somehow large, but its representation in the digital world is quite poor, and inexistent when talking about mobile internet. The web site in question is generating some quite large pages and is not suited for mobile web browsing.

Most of the time, you may want to know the schedule of the next bus, and this is quite hard to get this way.

There's been some effort lately to offer this kind of service on the iPhone, but I wanted to give the opportonity to other users to have the same information, with some Geo Localization features.

This is where google gears comes into action, where their latest release offers a Geo-Location API, which approximates a position using the nearest GSM cells location. Unfortunately, it only works on Windows Mobile devices. But don't worry, if you don't have a Gears enable device, it will still work ! You'll only have to type a bit, by entering your streets intersection.

After getting that location, I'm querying a database (using Linq to SQL) to get the nearest Bus Stops and their next schedule. I'm also querying Google Maps to get some markers pointing at the bus stops. That can be helpful since the Geo-Location is only an approximation by nature, because of the GSM 'triangulation'. It can also be used to query the schedule of a specific bus stop, using the number placed at the bottom of the bus stop signs. A small plus here, compared to the original site, is that schedules from the past half hour are still visible, making possible to have determine if a bus has missed its schedule using a great long street.

Anyway, if you're in Montreal and have an internet connected device (or a normal PC), give it a try by connecting to this adress :

Any comments or suggestions are welcome !

ILogicalThreadAffinative, again.

By Jay at May 14, 2008 19:12 Tags: , ,

Ce post est également disponible en francais. 

In a previous post, I talked about a feature of the .NET framework that allows to automatically pass information from a thread to any thread it spawns.

It turns out that not only the Call Context flows to the thread pool, but it also flows to any System.Threading.Timer and to IO completion related threads, such as in Sockets.

I was taken off-guard by the fact that in early stages of the server-side remoting pipeline, there were already information in the CallContext before the incoming message was deserialized. But the content was not exactly what I was expecting; it was the data that was in the CallContext when RemotingConfiguration.Configure() was invoked.

This makes sense, all the sockets used by TcpChannel or HttpChannel are created when calling this method, and asynchronous operations are started at this time. So, to avoid having the data to flow to the other side, there are these two methods on the ExecutionContext class to Suppress the flow and Restore it, which can prevent temporarily the Call Context from flowing.

IEnumerable<T>.Any() vs. IEnumerable<T>.Count() != 0

By Jay at May 10, 2008 11:10 Tags: , ,

This post is also available in french here. 

After reading this post from Eric Lippert, and reminding me that in the samples for this post, I'm using IEnumerable<T>.Count() where I'm actually not using the return value, therefore I'm enumerating through the whole collection for almost nothing.

I could have used IEnumerable<T>.Any(), which after looking at the IL code, just starts the enumeration, and stops just after one element if there is one and returns true, or if there isn't, returns false.

This is more effective, even without PLinq :)

A look at Linq to objects and the "let" keyword

By Jerome at April 26, 2008 13:08 Tags: , ,

Cet article est aussi disponible en français ici. 

I've had some time lately to use LINQ a bit more intensively and in particular to use the let keyword.

I had to process a lot of XML files placed in multiple folders, and I wanted to filter them using a regex. First, here's how to get all files from a directory tree :

  var files = from dir in Directory.GetDirectories(rootPath, SearchOption.AllDirectories)
              from file in Directory.GetFiles("", "*.*")
              select new { Path = dir, File = Path.GetFileName(file) };

At this point, I could have omitted the Directory.GetDirectories call because GetFiles can also search recursively. But since the GetFiles method only returns a string array and not an enumerator, it means that all my files would have been returned in one array, which is not memory effective. I'd rather have an iterator based implementation of GetDirectories and GetFiles for that matter, but the finest grained enumeration can only be done this way...

Anyway, having all my files, I now wanted to filter the collection with a specific Regex, as my legitimate files need to observe a specific pattern. So, I updated my query to this :

    Regex match = new Regex(@"(?<value>\d{4}).xml");
    var files2 = from dir in Directory.GetDirectories(args[0], "*", SearchOption.AllDirectories)
                 from file in Directory.GetFiles(dir, "*.xml")
                 let r = match.Match(Path.GetFileName(file))
                 where r.Success
                 select new {
                    Path = dir,
                    File = Path.GetFileName(file),
                    Value = r.Groups["value"].Value

This time, I've introduced the let keyword. This keyword is very interesting because it allows the creation of a query-local variable that can contain either collections or single objects. The content of this variable can be used in the where clause, as the source of another "from" query, or in the select statement.

In my case, I just wanted to have the result of the Regex match, so I'm just calling Regex.Match to validate the file name, and I'm placing the content of a Regex group in my resulting anonymous type.

Now, with all my files filtered I found that some XML files were not valid because they were not containing a specific node. So I filtered them again using this query :

    var files2 = from dir in Directory.GetDirectories(args[0], "*", SearchOption.AllDirectories)
                 from file in Directory.GetFiles(dir, "*.xml")
                 let r = match.Match(Path.GetFileName(file))
                 let c = XElement.Load(file).XPathSelectElements("//dummy")
                 where r.Success && c.Count() != 0
                 select new {
                    Path = dir,
                    File = Path.GetFileName(file),
                    Value = r.Groups["value"].Value

I've added a new let clause to add the loading of the file, and make sure there is a node named "dummy" somewhere in the xml document. By the way, if you're looking XPath in XLinq, just look over there.

You may wonder by looking at this query when the load is actually evaluated... Well, it is only evaluated when the c.Count() call is performed, which is only after the regex has matched the file ! This way, I'm not trying to load all the files returned by GetFiles. You need to always remember that queries are evaluated only when enumerated.

In conclusion, Linq is a very interesting piece of technology, definitely NOT reserved to querying databases. What I like the most is that one can write code almost without any loop, therefore reducing side effects.

If you haven't looking at Linq yet, just give it a try, you'll probably like it :)

Canadian Mobile Data Plans

By Jerome at April 13, 2008 20:06 Tags: ,

I've been interrogating myself a lot lately about the current state of mobile internet in Canada. I'm using my cell phone with a 25$ a month (excluding taxes) data plan for 5 Megabytes, which makes it almost useless for web browsing. Besides, using an HSDPA cell phone, I would deplete my data plan in about 5 minutes.

There's been a lot of buzz around the price of Canada data plans and the absence of the iPhone in Canada for the past year. Projections showed that using an iPhone would cost something like 300$ a month with data plans comparable to what AT&T is offering. I'm guessing that noone would be interested in paying that much to have a 500MB almost unlimited data plan. It seems that Rogers is not willing to let go of the current data plan rates to offer a service that appropriate to the iPhone.

I'm new to the Canadian environment, but for what I can tell when I sometimes hear that Canadians are not really into cell phones -- that they can live without it and do not really need it -- I have an impression of 'déjà vu'. French people had this kind of state of mind when there were only two carriers. People at that time also though they did not need cell phones. Except that it was not that they were technophics, it only was because it was darn too expensive !!

Now, prices in france have dropped a lot, and people are using a lot of services offered by the cell phone carriers. I'm insisting on the services word because I'm sensing that this is where canadians carriers are shooting themselves in the foot by only focusing on being "data pipes". They could expand their business by offering services that would be far more lucrative than only conveying data or voice. If I consider my own use of the voice plan, knowing that the person I am calling is paying the call when he did not initiate the call, makes me talk less.

Ok, there were some improvements the past few months, which Mark is pointing out, but which seem to have halted. Bell released a 7$/month plan which made Canada coming from the most expensive country for data plans to the less expensive in the world, which is a bit odd. With a twist though, it's HTC Touch only. The rest of "improvements" are crippled data plans that are only interesting if you're willing to use the internet that existed 10 years ago...

I'm guessing that breaking the monopoly will change the current state, and that the bidding for new frequencies will force existing carriers to lower their prices to keep their customer base. This is one bit of a stretch, but I'm comparing the state of the industry to the bad phase the music and movie industry is going through right now... There are now forced to understand that they can't sell their music as a product but as a service if they want to keep their business going.

The cell phone industry can be forced to do so to keep their customers, if some newcomer is not playing by the established rules by giving for instance, a flat rate of 45$/month, everything included. I'm not giving this example randomly; I'm referring to the French ISP which made quite a perturbation when they offered for something like 45$ a month 100 TV channels, free phone calls to 100 countries in the world, 25Mbps internet, Wifi access point, and a lot more. All this with an excellent quality of service. They did not play by the established rules, and they are now the second most important player in the market and growing every day. I do not see any reason this would not happen for cell phone carriers the same way it did in France.

But maybe there is a good reason for all this though... Canada's a big "empty" space, and maybe expanding the cell coverage is not as money efficient as it is in France, or USA. I don't know all the details, so maybe I'm missing some things.

We'll see in the next few months...

A bug in VS2008 Code Analysis, Generics normal and nested classes

By Jerome at April 07, 2008 19:12 Tags: , ,

I've found a few days ago a small bug in the former "FxCop" now renamed Code Analysis part of Visual Studio 2008.

While compiling this little piece of code :

public class Dummy<T> where T : IDisposable
        public T Test
                new NestedDummy<T>(default(T));

        class NestedDummy<U>
            public NestedDummy(U item)
                this.Value = item;

            public U Value { get; private set; }

Which is a trimmed down version of the actual code, I saw a lot of errors like this :

MSBUILD : error : CA0001 : Rule=Microsoft.Reliability#CA2001, Target=ConsoleApplication1.Dummy`1+NestedDummy`1.#.ctor(!1) : The following error was encountered while reading module 'ConsoleApplication1': Could not resolve member reference: ConsoleApplication1.Dummy`1<type parameter.T>+NestedDummy`1<type parameter.U>::set_Value.

This means that for some reason, the Code Analysis tool is unable to parse the metadata to check for some analysis rule. This is not a blocking bug since it does not prevent the build from ending properly, but it displays a lot of error messages, which can be disturbing.

To fix to, I found two solutions : Either move the nested class out of its parents class, or remove the generic constraint on the parent class.

I posted the bug on Microsoft Connect, and I was pleasantly surprised to see that it has already been processed and David Kean from Microsoft wrote that the fix will be available in the next Service Pack of Visual Studio 2008.

Not a big issue but still, nice to see that Connect has an impact.

Bluetooth Remote Control 0.9.0, Round 2

By Jerome at April 01, 2008 18:39 Tags: ,

Two small errors have slipped into the configuration file of version 0.9.0, preventing it from controlling Windows Media Center. Since it is a rather small update, as this is only the application definition file that is modified, I did not increase the version number.

So, if you downloaded the 0.9.0 version before this post was published and if you use Windows Media Center, you may want to download it again.

Bluetooth Remote Control for Windows Mobile 0.9.0

By Jay at March 30, 2008 21:27 Tags:

Yet another release of Bluetooth Remote Control for Windows Mobile.

This time, I've added two features that were requested for a long time, which are the ability to control application that I did not include out of the box, and the ability to use the device as a simple mouse and keyboard device.

About the first part, there is now a configuration file that allows the addition of new applications by defining each and every command that can be used on the mobile side, and their corresponding action. I intentionally did not comment the file, this is not meant to be modified by a standard user, but rather by an experienced user or developer that wants to control a custom application. The configuration file will hopefully be really simple to understand for a developer. So, if you understand how this file works, just feel free to add a new application, or update an existing if it does not fit your needs.

Now about the part with the keyboard and mouse. I added a new "application" which actually is not, which is basically a pass-through for mouse and keyboard actions. You'll be able to move your mouse and type in any key you want in the focused window. On my TyTN II, the key mapping is a bit funky when using the function key, but I'll try to fix that for a future release.

Both features are fairly stable, but I suspect minor issues to come up as users are using it. Feel free to comment !

Download version 0.9.0 at

Here is the change log :

  • Fixed warning message when ActiveSync is not detected to install the mobile side program.
  • Added application definition file.
  • Added screen control application.
  • Fixed Widcomm PC side support when transmitting large chunks of data.

Using a real USB bluetooth device in Virtual PC 2007

By Jay at March 25, 2008 20:03 Tags: , ,

This is one of the biggest missing features of VPC 2007, the lack of USB passthrough support. The lack of a proper snapshot feature is annoying too, even though it is possible to move Undo Disks to simulate snapshots. But I still prefer VPC 2007 over VMWare, mainly because I find the latter to be too intrusive and unstable...

Anyway, I was looking for any update to VPC 2007 for the support of USB devices, in one form or another, maybe with a beta VPC 2008 or 2009. This is still not happening but, I came across this software, Usb over Network, which does exactly what I need to do.

This software is particularly easy to install, and it works right after being installed. I'm able to "export" my integrated USB Bluetooth dongle to the VPC, and it works like a charm ! I'm able to run both bluetooth stacks in controlled environments, without crippling my main OS with multiple stacks.

A really nice software, not free, but really useful if you're depending on USB hardware and you want to test it in a virtual environment.

Windows Server 2008 and Microsoft Bluetooth Stack trouble

By Jerome at March 24, 2008 13:49 Tags: ,

There's been a lot of Buzz lately about a "Windows Workstation 2008", which actually does not quite exist, but that should. It is actually installing Windows Server 2008 and making it a workstation platform, by enabling every workstation component that is disabled by default.

From my point of view, Vista is definitely interesting, though it has too many services that are enabled by default and that do not make sense in every situation. For a computer savvy user, all this stuff is not really interesting, and Windows Server 2008 with its "do not enable unused components" policy, is quite interesting.

I decided to give it a shot by installing it as my main (and only) laptop OS, and quite frankly, I'm pleasantly surprised ! I do get the same user experience that I did have with Windows Vista with Aero, the nifty new features like the new start menu, and I seem to get a performance improvement over Vista. (Performance improvement is only a feeling; I don't have any numbers to show, though some did).

Everything works as expected, except for the bluetooth part, for which I do not seem to be the only one having problem with. The microsoft stack does not seem to install completely, as there are three "unknown devices" left : BTH\MS_RFCOMM, BTH\MS_BTHBRB and BTH\MS_BTHPAN. All three of them are core components of the bluetooth stack, and are obiously needed to get bluetooth related software working properly. The interesting part is that there are actually all the driver and metadata files required to install these devices, but for some reason, Win2008 does not want to use them. The driver files seem to be identical to the files Vista SP1, so this is one bit of a mystery to me. Added to that, this installation issue seems to be related to the KB940199 where the infcache.1 file could not be found. Screwing with that file did not help either...

So as a backup plan, I decided to fall back on the Widcomm/Broadcom Stack with this guide, which seems to work fine, at least for the part I'm interested in, Bluetooth Remote Control . I still don't understand the licensing policy on this software... You need the hardware to get that software to work, why bother having an licensing scheme over this, haven't you already paid for it buying the hardware ?

Anyway, if you're a tech savvy user, give Windows Server 2008 a try as your workstation OS, you might be surprised :)

Now, I'm going back to adding new features to Bluetooth Remote Control !

About me

My name is Jerome Laban, I am a Software Architect, C# MVP and .NET enthustiast from Montréal, QC. You will find my blog on this site, where I'm adding my thoughts on current events, or the things I'm working on, such as the Remote Control for Windows Phone.